Some people might think of a literature review as reading a book and then giving it a thumbs up or thumbs down. A literature review is a review of various pieces of literature on one topic, ranging from series of books to shorter pieces like pamphlets.
Sometimes, the literary review read more a part of a larger research paper. Its purpose is to prevent duplication of efforts, resolve conflicts, and point the way for further research.
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Thanks for helping us achieve our mission of helping everyone learn how to do anything. Clarify your professor's requirements.
Some instructors may ask you to do a literature review and not get more specific than that. Or, maybe they did and you were playing Plants vs Zombies. Either way, knowing precisely what your professor is looking for is the first step to getting that A.
How many sources should you include? Do they have to be at least semi-current? In discussing your themes, are you just summarizing or critiquing? Some reviews require a thesis, some may not.
Should you offer your opinion on your sources? Do you need to provide background information, such as definitions or histories, to aid in your audience's understanding? Is there a page or word requirement?
Have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes? Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have. Section Headings: Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized, centered at the beginning of the section. "How to" Guideline series is coordinated by Helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University of Minnesota Duluth. Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and. THE WRITING CENTER Academic Services • Phone: uht.me How to Write a Literature Review What This Handout is About This handout will.
Get as narrow as you possibly can while still having the amount of sources necessary. Studying birth order may lead you to dozens of books; studying birth order of same-sex siblings will make your search for sources much quicker and more manageable.
If you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, you can afford to be less concerned with timing in fact, changing opinions throughout history may be an aspect of your paper. But if you are writing a literary review for the sciences, say, on treating diabetes, information from 5 years ago could already be obsolete. Sort through current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects.
Unfortunately, you are not just gathering sources and summing up what they have to say. You should be considering what themes and ideas connect your sources together. Think of these books as your group of friends all arguing on the same topic. What are Should A Literature Review Have Subheadings all assuming? How are they the same and how are they different? Read between the lines. You're not necessarily looking for explicit content. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing?
Are your sources all prescribing to one specific theory? Do you see trends being revealed?
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This will help you structure your paper immensely, zeroing in on what will give your paper purpose. Now that you've found your focus, it's time to construct a thesis statement.
You may be thinking that literature reviews don't have thesis statements. That's both partly true and false: They have theses, but they're quite different.
EMR Fundamentals of EMR Guidelines for Literature/Review Proposal DUE APRIL 9, Introduction The introduction to the literature review. How to Do a Literature Review. Some people might think of a literature review as reading a book and then giving it a thumbs up or thumbs down. Nope, not so. A. A literature review in psychology should be a systematic and thorough investigation of all the available literature within a given topic. Depending on what it's for. This course was created by Rebecca Epperly Wire. You can contact her through the Facebook community group with questions. Please review the FAQs and contact us if .
Your thesis statement will not necessarily argue for a position or an opinion; Should A Literature Review Have Subheadings, it will argue for a particular perspective on the material. How will trends change in the future? What if the assumed theories are wrong? Again, this is not new information.
You are not analyzing the material and coming up with your own, fresh perspective on it. You are simply acting like a computer--noting patterns, holes, and assumptions all your sources are taking. You can have the best of intentions and a form of prose that convinces the staunchest of skeptics, but if your sources aren't viable, that's it. Make sure your sources are evaluated on a number of levels. What are the author's credentials?
How are their arguments supported narratives, statistics, historical findings, etc.
Is the author's perspective unbiased and objective? Are they ignoring any data to make their points seem stronger? How persuasive are they? Do any of their points leave a bit to be desired? Does their work lead to a greater understanding of the subject? Start with a solid introduction. As with everything, first impressions matter. Your intro Should A Literature Review Have Subheadings give a quick idea of the topic of your review, be it thematically or by organizational pattern.
Help the reader along by letting Should A Literature Review Have Subheadings know what kind of ride they're in for. If you are employing a thesis statement, place it toward the end of your introductory paragraph. At the end, your reader should be anticipating getting into the evidence and bulk of your paper. Here is the part where you have the most options.
You have a number of sources and, since they're all on the same topic, they probably have loads in common. Choose whichever way seems the most natural to you for your specific focus. If you are dealing with varying opinions by era or changing trends over time, chronological organization may make the most sense. Arrange it by publication. This organizational method fares well if each publication has a different stance. If there is a natural progression radical to conservative, for example between the sources, this works swimmingly.
Arrange it by trend. If you are noticing patterns in your sources, arranging them by the trends they suggest may be the most obvious structure. Certain sources may, together, suggest one pattern that shifts over time, region, or other variable. This highly depends on your thesis statement and what sources you have chosen.
If you are choosing a focus that is more abstract "Colonialism is depicted as evil," for examplethe subsections may be arranged on the different methods employed to put the theme across.
Come to a clear conclusion. The visit web page paragraph needs to wrap up your paper, reiterate what was said in the intro, and discuss what you've drawn so far from your studies.
You may make your conclusion suggestive. Where might the discussion proceed if someone else picked it up where you left off?
What are the consequences of the patterns and holes in today's sources? Feel free to combine multiple sources into your own words to make an argument. You are using your own words backed up by the works of professionals. However, use quotes sparingly.
The survey nature of the literature review does not allow for in-depth discussion or detailed quotes from the text. Keep your own voice. No, you are not presenting information that sprang up from the wonders of your own mind, but you should still start and end each paragraph with your own words. Your voice should remain front and center.
Some professors may require that you evaluate the sources and conclude which pieces add the greatest contribution to the field.
If yours is keen on this, determine your take in the introduction and string it throughout your paper. Some professors like their papers a certain way. Make sure yours not only meets content guidelines but meets formatting guidelines, too. Does your instructor require APA formatting? What should your margins be? Headers, footers, footnotes, and page numbers?
How do they want your name, headings, and subheadings? How do they want your works cited page? Check for coherent flow and transitions.
How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less
It's best to stick to clear and concise writing and it's not always easy to nail that on the first try. Go back over your work and rephrase whatever was left ambiguous or wordy. With everything said as clear as day, does it flow together? Do you transition well not only from paragraph to paragraph, but from sentence to sentence? Be sure your evidence lines up with the support and your arrangement of sources flows logically.