Proposal 1 Proposal 2 Proposal Links: Before an article, report, or brief is Report Writing Literature Review into the Undergraduate Engineering Review, the author must first submit a proposal that specifies the importance of the research, the scope and limitations of the research, and the methods for the research.
Submitters should read the journal's Request for Proposals before submitting. Unfortunately, nuclear fission, the process used to create this large amount energy, creates significant amounts of high level radioactive waste. More than 30, metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U. Because of the build-up of this waste, some power plants will be forced to shut down. To avoid losing an important source of energy, a safe and economical place to keep this waste is necessary.
This document proposes a literature review of whether Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for a nuclear waste repository. The proposed review will discuss the economical and environmental aspects of a national storage facility. This proposal includes my methods for gathering information, a schedule for completing the review, and my qualifications.
However, the DOE is undecided on where to put this high level radioactive waste. Yucca Mountain, located in Nevada, is a proposed site. There are many questions regarding the safety of the Yucca Mountain waste repository.
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory disagree over the long-term safety of the proposed high level nuclear waste site located in Nevada. InCharles Bowman, a researcher at Los Alamos, developed a theory claiming that years of storing waste in the mountain may actually start a nuclear chain reaction and explode, similar to an atomic bomb [Taubes, ].
The stir caused Report Writing Literature Review theory suggests that researchers have not explored all sides of the safety issue concerning potentially hazardous situations at Yucca Mountain. Bowman's theory that Yucca Mountain could explode is based upon the idea that enough waste will eventually disperse through the rock to create a critical mass.
A critical mass is an amount of fissile material, such as plutonium, containing enough mass to start a neutron chain reaction [Murray, ]. Bowman argues that if this chain reaction were started underground, the rocks in the ground would help keep the system compressed and speed up the chain reaction [Taubes, ].
A chain reaction formed underground could then generate huge amounts of energy in a fraction of a second, resulting in a nuclear blast.
Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and. PSA! uht.me Has a TON of Scholarship Opportunities Right Now. SPOILER: college is crazy-expensive. Sorry. Did we spoil it? There are. Review of General Psychology , Vol. 1, No. 3, Writing Narrative Literature Reviews Roy F. Baumeister Mark R. Leary Case Western Reserve. Sample proposals for the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more.
A nuclear explosion of this magnitude would emit large amounts of radioactivity into the air and ground water. Another safety concern is the possibility of a volcanic eruption in Yucca Mountain. The long-term nuclear waste storage facility needs to remain stable for at least 10, years to allow the radioactive isotopes to decay to natural levels [Clark, ]. There are at least a dozen young volcanoes within 40 kilometers of Report Writing Literature Review proposed Yucca Mountain waste site [Weiss, ].
The proximity of Yucca Mountain to these volcanoes makes it possible to have a volcanic eruption pass through the spent fuel waste repository.
Such a volcanic eruption could release damaging amounts of radioactivity to the environment. Objectives I propose to review the available literature about using Yucca Mountain as a possible repository for spent nuclear fuel.
In this review I will achieve the following two goals: According to the Department of Energy DOEa repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, ].
Safety includes not only the effect of the repository on people near the site, but also people along the transportation routes to the site. In my research I will consider both groups of people. As far as location, a waste site cannot be in an area with a large population or near a ground water supply. Also, because one of the most significant factors in determining the life span of a possible repository is how long the waste storage canisters will remain in tact, the waste site Report Writing Literature Review be located in a dry climate to eliminate the moisture that can cause the waste canisters to corrode.
The economics involved in selecting a site is another criterion. For that reason, much pressure exists to select Yucca Mountain as a repository site; otherwise, this money would have been wasted. Other costs, though, have to be considered. For instance, how economical is it to transport radioactive waste across several states to a single national site? I will try to account for as many of these other costs as possible. After explaining the criteria, I will assess how well Yucca Mountain meets those criteria.
In this assessment, I will not assign a numerical score for more info criterion. Rather, I will discuss qualitatively how well Yucca Mountain meets each criterion. In some situations, disagreement exists among experts as to how well Yucca Mountain meets a criterion. In such cases, I will present both sides. In this assessment, only Yucca Mountain will Report Writing Literature Review considered as a possible site.
Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section.
There has been an increase of interest in the nuclear industry concerning the Yucca Mountain site because of the January 1, deadline for the DOE. Several journal articles and papers discussing the possibility of Yucca Mountain as a spent fuel repository in our near future have surfaced as a consequence of that interest. These articles and books about the dangers of nuclear waste should Report Writing Literature Review sufficient information for me to complete my review.
The following two paragraphs will discuss how I will use these sources in my research. The first goal of my research is to explain the criteria for determining whether a nuclear waste repository is suitable.
How to Write a Literature Review in 30 Minutes or Less
For example, will the rock structure be able to withstand human invasion in the future [Clark, ]? What will happen if the waste containers corrode and do not last as long as predicted? Will the natural setting contain the waste? A second goal Report Writing Literature Review my literature review is to evaluate Yucca Mountain meets those criteria.
I will base my evaluation on the sources mentioned above as well as specific Environmental Protection Agency standards. I also intend to research the validity of possible environmental disasters, such as the explosion theory. To accomplish this goal, I will rely on the paper presented by Clark , and on the book Blowup at Yucca Mountain [Taubes, ]. Because engineering students are the primary audience for my proposed research topic and may not be familiar with the history of nuclear waste, I will provide a background on past methods used for waste storage.
People in the nuclear field with some knowledge of the waste problem facing the industry may be a secondary audience. Management Plan This section presents my schedule, costs, and qualifications for completing the proposed research.
This research culminates in a formal report, which will be completed by December 5, To reach this goal, I will follow the schedule presented in Figure 1.
Since I already possess literature on the subject of Yucca Mountain as a nuclear waste site, most of my time will be spent sorting through the literature to find key results, and presenting those results to the audience.
Schedule for completion of the literature review. The formal presentation will be on October 27, and the formal report will be completed by December 5.
Given that all my sources are available through the University of Wisconsin library system, there is no appreciable cost associated with performing this review, unless one takes into consideration the source of tuition spent on maintaining the university libraries. The only other minor costs are photocopying articles, creating transparencies for my presentation, printing my Report Writing Literature Review, and binding my report.
I am a senior in the Engineering Physics Department at the Report Writing Literature Review of Wisconsin at Madison, majoring in nuclear engineering and physics. I have taken several classes related to nuclear waste, economics, and environmental studies.
I believe that these courses will aid me in preparing the proposed review. For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume. Conclusion More than 30, metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U.
This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review assignment. Report writing. There are many different types of reports - scientific lab reports, business reports, systems analysis reports, management case study reports. How to conclude a literature review is a challenge to many. We have helped many students with how to end a lit review successfully. Trust our literature review. Say NO to poor grades and sleepless nights! Order your essays from us and get the highest grades for zero mistakes and plagiarism-free writing. 1 Writing a Systematic Literature Review: Resources for Students and Trainees This resource provides basic guidance and links to resources that will help when.
This document has proposed research to evaluate the possibility of using Yucca Mountain as a possible repository for this spent nuclear fuel. The proposed research will achieve the following goals: The research will include a formal presentation on November 11 and a formal report on December 5. References Clark, Raymond L. Environmental Protection Agency, Rating Radioactive Waste Risks," Science, vol. Some of these earthquakes Report Writing Literature Review hundreds of people.
If the times, magnitudes, and locations of these Report Writing Literature Review could be accurately predicted, many lives could be saved. This document proposes a review of how monitoring geophysical precursors can help in the short-term prediction of earthquakes. The proposed review will discuss the physical principles behind the monitoring of three common precursors and evaluate how accurate each monitoring is in predicting earthquakes.
Included in this proposal are my methods for gathering information, a schedule for completing the review, and my qualifications. Justification of Proposed Review On the morning of April 18,the population of Read more Francisco was awakened by violent shaking and by the roar caused by the writhing and collapsing of buildings [Hodgson, ].
The ground appeared to be thrown into waves that twisted railways and broke the pavement into great cracks. Many buildings collapsed, while others were severely damaged.
The earthquake caused fires Report Writing Literature Review fifty or more points throughout the city. Fire stations were destroyed, alarms were put out of commission, and water mains were broken.
As a result, the fires quickly spread throughout the city and continued for three days. The fires destroyed a 5 square-mile section at the heart of the city [Mileti and Fitzpatrick, ]. Even more disastrous was the Kwanto earthquake in Japan that devastated the cities of Yokohama and Tokyo on September 1, [Hodgson, ].
In Yokohama, over 50 percent of the buildings were destroyed [Bolt, ], and as many as fires broke out and spread through the city [Hodgson, ]. When the click was over, 33, people were dead [Bolt, ]. In Tokyo, the damage from the earthquake was less, but the resulting fires were more devastating. The fires lasted three days and destroyed 40 percent of the city [Hodgson, ]. After the fire, 68, people were dead and 1 million people were homeless [Bolt, ].
The San Francisco earthquake and the Kwanto earthquake were two of the most famous and devastating earthquakes of this century. These earthquakes struck without warning and with disastrous results.
If earthquakes could be predicted, people would be able to evacuate from buildings, bridges, and overpasses, where most deaths occur.