The overarching theme of Lord of the Flies is the conflict between the human impulse towards savagery and the rules of civilization which are designed to contain and minimize it. Throughout the novel, the conflict is dramatized by the clash between Ralph and Jack, who respectively represent civilization and savagery.
The differing ideologies are expressed by each boy's distinct attitudes towards authority. While Ralph uses his authority to establish rules, protect the good of the group, and enforce the moral and ethical codes of the English society the boys were raised in, Jack is interested in gaining power over the other boys to gratify his most primal impulses. When Jack assumes leadership of his own tribe, he demands the complete subservience of the other boys, who not only serve him but worship him as an idol.
Jack's hunger for power suggests that savagery does not resemble anarchy so much as a totalitarian system of exploitation and illicit power. Golding's emphasis on the negative consequences of savagery can be read as a clear endorsement of civilization. In the early chapters of the novel, he suggests that one of the important functions of civilized society is to provide an outlet for the savage impulses that reside inside each individual.
Jack's initial desire to kill pigs to demonstrate his bravery, for Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting, is channeled into the hunt, which provides needed food for the entire group. As long as he lives within the rules of civilization, Jack is not a threat to the other boys; his impulses are being re-directed into a productive task. Rather, it is when Jack refuses to recognize the validity click society and rejects Ralph's authority that the dangerous aspects of his character truly emerge.
Golding suggests that while savagery is perhaps an inescapable fact of human existence, civilization can mitigate its full expression. The rift between civilization and savagery is also communicated through the novel's major symbols: The conch shell is a powerful marker of democratic order on the island, confirming both Ralph's leadership-determined by election-and the power of assembly among the boys.
Yet, as the conflict between Ralph and Jack deepens, the conch shell loses symbolic importance. Jack declares that the conch is meaningless as a symbol of authority and order, and its decline in importance signals the decline of civilization on the island.
At the same time, The Lord of the Flies, which is an offering to My Love For Nature mythical "beast" on the island, is increasingly invested with significance as a Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting of the dominance of savagery on the island, and of Jack's authority over the other boys.
The Lord of the Flies represents the unification of the boys under Jack's rule as motivated by fear of "outsiders": The destruction of the conch shell at the scene of Piggy 's murder signifies the complete eradication of civilization on the island, while Ralph's demolition of The Lord of the Flies-he intends to use the stick as a spear-signals his own descent into savagery and violence.
By the final scene, savagery has completely displaced civilization as the prevailing system on the island. One of the key concerns of Lord of the Flies is the role of the individual in society. Many of the problems on the island-the extinguishing of the signal fire, the lack of shelters, the mass abandonment of Ralph's camp, and the murder of Piggy-stem from the boys' implicit commitment to a principle of self-interest over the principle of community.
That is, the boys would rather fulfill their individual desires than cooperate as a coherent society, which would require that each one act for the good of the group.
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Accordingly, the principles of individualism and community are symbolized by Jack Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting Ralph, respectively. Jack wants to "have fun" on the island and satisfy his bloodlust, while Ralph wants to secure the group's rescue, a goal they can achieve only by cooperating. Yet, while Ralph's vision is the most reasonable, it requires work and sacrifice on the part of the other boys, so they quickly shirk their societal duties in favor of fulfilling their individual desires.
The shelters do not get built because the boys would rather play; the signal fire is extinguished when Jack's hunters fail to tend to it on schedule. The boys' self-interestedness culminates, of course, when they decide to join Jack's tribe, a society Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting communal values whose appeal is that Jack will offer them total freedom.
The popularity of his tribe reflects the enormous appeal of a society based on individual freedom and self-interest, but as the reader soon learns, the freedom Jack offers his tribe is click here. Jack implements punitive and irrational rules and restricts his boys' behavior far more than Ralph did.
Golding thus suggests not only that some level of communal system is superior to one based on pure self-interest, but also that pure individual freedom is an impossible value to sustain within a group dynamic, which will always tend towards societal organization.
The difficult question, of course, is what individuals are willing to give up to gain the benefits of being in the group. Is evil innate within the human spirit, or is it an influence from an external source? What role do societal rules and institutions play in the existence of human evil?
Does the capacity for evil vary from person to person, or does it depend on the circumstances each individual faces? These questions are at the heart of Lord of the Flies which, through detailed depictions of the boys' different responses to their situation, presents a complex articulation of humanity's potential for evil. It is important to note that Golding's novel rejects supernatural or religious accounts of the origin of human evil.
While the boys fear the "beast" as an embodiment of evil similar to the Christian concept of Satan, the novel emphasizes that this interpretation is not only mistaken but also, ironically, the motivation for the boys' increasingly cruel and violent behavior.
It is their irrational fear of the beast that informs the boys' paranoia and leads to the fatal schism between Jack and Ralph and their respective followers, and this is what prevents them from recognizing and addressing their responsibility for their own impulses. Rather, as The Lord of the Flies communicates to Simon in the forest glade, the "beast" is an internal force, present in every individual, and is thus incapable of being truly defeated. That the most ethical characters on the island-Simon and Ralph-each come to recognize his own capacity for evil indicates the novel's emphasis on evil's universality among humans.
Even so, the novel is not entirely pessimistic about the human capacity for good. While evil impulses may lurk in every human psyche, the intensity of these impulses-and the ability to control them-appear to vary from individual to individual. Http://uht.me/essay-help/mobile-airbrush-tanning-business-plan.php the different characters, the novel presents a continuum of evil, ranging from Jack and Rogerwho are eager to engage in violence and cruelty, to Ralph and Simon, who struggle to contain their brutal instincts.
We may note that the characters who struggle most successfully against their evil instincts do so by appealing to ethical or social codes of behavior. For example, Ralph and Piggy demand the link of Piggy's glasses because it is the "right thing to do.
The ambiguous and deeply ironic conclusion of Lord of the Flieshowever, calls into question society's role in shaping human evil. The naval officer, who repeats Jack's rhetoric of nationalism and militarism, is engaged in a bloody war that is responsible for the boys' aircraft crash on click to see more island and that is mirrored by the civil war among the survivors.
In this sense, much of the evil on the island is a result not of the boys' distance from society, but of their internalization of the norms and ideals of that society-norms and ideals that justify and even thrive on war. Are the boys Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting by the internal pressures of an essentially violent human nature, or have they been corrupted by the environment of war they were raised in? Lord of the Flies offers no clear solution to this question, provoking readers to contemplate the complex relationships among society, morality, and human nature.
Lord of the Flies introduces the question of man's ideal relationship with the natural world. Thrust into the completely natural environment of the island, in which no humans exist or have existed, the boys express different attitudes towards nature that reflect their distinct personalities and ideological leanings. The boys' relationships to the natural world generally fall into one of three categories: The first category, subjugation of nature, is embodied by Jack, whose first impulse on the island is to track, hunt, and kill pigs.
He seeks to impose his human will on the natural world, subjugating it to his desires. Jack's later actions, in particular setting the forest fire, reflect his deepening contempt for nature and demonstrate his militaristic, violent character.
The second category, harmony with nature, is embodied by Simon, who finds beauty and peace in the natural environment as exemplified by his initial retreat to the isolated forest glade. For Simon, nature is not man's enemy but is part of the human experience. The third category, subservience to nature, is embodied by Ralph and Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting the opposite position from Jack's.
Unlike Simon, Ralph does not find peaceful harmony with the natural world; like Jack, he understands it as an obstacle to human life on the island. But while Jack responds to this perceived conflict by acting destructively towards animals and plant life, Ralph responds by retreating from the natural world.
He does not participate in hunting or in Simon's excursions to the deep wilderness of the forest; rather, he stays on the beach, the most humanized part of the island. As Jack's hunting expresses his violent nature to the other boys and to the reader, Ralph's desire to stay separate from the natural world emphasizes both his reluctance to tempt danger and his affinity for civilization.
Analysis of The Lord of the Flies
In Lord of the Fliesone of the effects of the boys' descent into savagery is their increasing inability to recognize read more other's humanity. Throughout the novel, Golding uses imagery to imply that the boys are no longer able to distinguish between themselves and the pigs they are hunting and killing for food and sport.
In Chapter Four, after the first successful pig hunt, the hunters re-enact the hunt in a ritual dance, using Maurice as a stand-in for the doomed pig.
This episode is only a dramatization, but as the boys' collective impulse towards complete savagery grows stronger, the parallels between human and animal intensify. In Chapter Seven, as several of the boys are hunting the beast, they repeat the ritual with Robert as a stand-in for the pig; this time, however, they get consumed by a kind of "frenzy" and come close to actually killing him.
In the same scene, Jack jokes that if they do not kill a pig next time, they can kill a littlun in its place. The repeated substitution of boy for pig in the childrens' ritual games, and in their conversation, calls attention to the consequences of their self-gratifying behavior: The more pigs the boys kill, the easier it becomes for them to harm and kill each other.
Mistreating the pigs facilitates this process of dehumanization. The early episodes in which boys are substituted for pigs, either verbally or Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting the hunting dance, also foreshadow source tragic events of the novel's later chapters, notably the murders of Simon and Piggy and the attempt on Ralph's life.
Simon, a character who from the outset of the novel is associated with the natural landscape he has an affinity for, is murdered when the other children mistake him for "the http://uht.me/essay-help/is-homework-do-any-good.php mythical inhuman creature that serves as an outlet for the children's fear and sadness.
Piggy's name links him symbolically to the wild pigs on the island, the immediate target for Jack's violent impulses; from the outset, when the other boys refuse to call him anything but "Piggy," Golding establishes the character as one whose humanity is, in the eyes of the other boys, ambiguous. The murders of Simon and Piggy Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting the boys' complete descent into savagery.
Both literally Simon and symbolically Piggythe boys have become indistinguishable from the animals that they stalk and kill. At the end of Lord of the FliesRalph weeps "for the end of innocence," a lament that retroactively makes explicit one of the novel's major concerns, namely, the loss of innocence.
When the boys are first deserted on the island, they behave like children, alternating between enjoying their freedom and expressing profound homesickness and fear.
By the end of the novel, however, they mirror the warlike behavior of the adults of the Home Counties: The loss of the boys' innocence on the island runs parallel to, and informs their descent into savagery, and it recalls the Bible's narrative of the Fall of Man from paradise. Accordingly, the island is coded in the early chapters as a kind of paradise, with idyllic scenery, fresh fruit, and glorious weather. Yet, as in the Biblical Eden, the temptation toward corruption is present: It also explicitly recalls the snake from the Garden of Eden, the embodiment of Satan who causes Adam and Eve's fall from grace.
Free William Golding Lord of the Flies papers, essays, and research papers. Lord of the Flies study guide contains a biography of William Golding, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Each of the other boys has a role to play in the construction of a utopian government in “Lord of the Flies”. A boy named Jack is appointed to all tasks related. Novel Guides: Below are links to sites that will help you understand and think about Lord of the Flies. They are not meant to be used as substitutes for the novel. Database of FREE english essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample english essays!
Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting The boys' increasing belief in the beast indicates their gradual loss of innocence, a descent that culminates in tragedy. We may also note that the landscape of the island itself shifts from an Edenic space to a hellish one, as marked by Ralph's observation of the ocean tide as an impenetrable wall, and by the storm that follows Simon's murder.
The forest glade that Simon retreats to in Chapter Three is another example of how the boys' loss of innocence is registered on the natural landscape of the island. Simon first appreciates the clearing as peaceful and beautiful, but when he returns, he finds The Lord of the Flies impaled at its center, a powerful symbol of how the innocence of childhood has been corrupted by fear and savagery.
Even the most sympathetic boys develop along a character arc that traces a fall from innocence or, as we might euphemize, a journey into maturity. When Ralph is first introduced, he is acting like a child, splashing in the water, mocking Piggy, and laughing. He tells Piggy that he is certain that his father, a naval commander, will rescue him, a conviction that the reader understands as the wishful thinking of a little boy.
Ralph repeats his belief in their rescue throughout the novel, shifting continue reading hope that his own father will discover them to the far more realistic premise that a passing ship will be attracted by the signal fire on the island.
By the end of the novel, he has lost hope in the boys' rescue altogether. The progression of Ralph's character from idealism to pessimistic realism expresses the extent to which life on the island has eradicated his childhood. In addition to its other resonances, Lord of the Flies is in part an allegory of the Cold War.
Thus, it is deeply concerned with the negative effects of war on individuals and for article source relationships. Composed during the Cold War, the novel's action unfolds from a hypothetical atomic war between England and "the Reds," which was a clear word for communists.
Golding thus presents the non-violent tensions that were unfolding Lord Of The Flies Essays On Setting the s as culminating into a fatal conflict-a narrative strategy that establishes the novel as a cautionary tale against the dangers of ideological, or "cold," warfare, becoming hot.