Born in Bostonshe studied at Smith College click Newnham College at the University of Cambridge before receiving acclaim as a poet and writer.
She married fellow poet Ted Hughes inand they lived together in the United States and then in England. They had two children, Frieda and Nicholasbefore separating in Plath was clinically depressed for link of her adult life, and was treated multiple times with electroconvulsive therapy ECT.
She took her own life in Plath is credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry and is best known for two of her published collections, The Colossus and Other Poems and Arieland Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy Bell Jar Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy, a semi-autobiographical novel published shortly before her death. Sylvia Plath was born on October 27,in Boston, Massachusetts. While living in Winthrop, eight-year-old Plath published her first poem in the Boston Herald ' s children's section.
Otto Plath died on November 5,a week and a half after Plath's eighth birthday,  of complications following the amputation of a foot due to untreated diabetes.
He had become ill shortly after a close friend died of lung cancer. Comparing the similarities between his friend's symptoms and his own, Otto became convinced that he, too, had lung cancer and did not seek treatment until his diabetes had progressed too far. Raised as a Unitarian Christian, Plath experienced a loss of faith after her father's death and remained ambivalent about religion throughout her life.
A visit to her father's grave later prompted Plath to write the poem "Electra on Azalea Path". InPlath attended Smith College and excelled academically. She wrote to her mother, "The world is splitting open at my feet like a ripe, juicy watermelon".
She was furious at not being at a meeting the editor had arranged with Welsh poet Dylan Thomas —a writer whom she loved, said one of her boyfriends, "more than life itself. A few weeks later, she slashed her legs to see if she had enough "courage" to commit suicide.
She survived this first suicide attempt after lying unfound in a crawl space for three days, later writing that she "blissfully succumbed to the source blackness that I honestly believed was eternal oblivion.
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Plath seemed to make a good recovery and returned to college. In Januaryshe submitted her thesis, The Magic Click She obtained a Fulbright Scholarship to study at Newnham Collegeone of the two women-only colleges of the University of Cambridge in England, where she continued actively writing poetry and click to see more her work in the student newspaper Varsity.
At Newnham, she studied with Dorothea Krookwhom she held in high regard. Plath first met poet Ted Hughes on February 25,at a party in Cambridge. I happened to be at Cambridge. I was sent there by the [US] government on a government grant. And I'd read some of Ted's poems in this magazine and I was very impressed and I wanted to meet him. I went to this little celebration and that's actually where we met Then we saw a great deal of each other.
Ted came back to Cambridge and suddenly we found ourselves getting married a few months later We kept writing poems to each other. Then it just grew out of that, I guess, a feeling that we both were writing so much and having such a fine time doing it, we decided that this should keep on. Plath described Hughes as "a singer, story-teller, lion and world-wanderer" with "a voice like the thunder of God.
Nights, I squat in the cornucopia Of your left ear, out of the wind, Counting the red stars and those of plum-color. The sun rises under the pillar of your tongue. Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy hours are married to shadow. No longer do I listen for the scrape of a keel On the blank stones of the landing. Plath returned to Newnham in October to begin her second year. She found it difficult Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy both teach and have enough time and energy to write  and in the middle ofthe couple moved to Boston.
Plath took a job as a receptionist in the psychiatric unit of Massachusetts General Hospital and in the evening sat in on creative writing seminars given by poet Robert Lowell also attended by the writers Anne Sexton and George Starbuck. Both Lowell and Sexton encouraged Plath to write from her experience and she did so.
She openly discussed her depression with Lowell and her suicide attempts with Sexton, who led her to write from a more female perspective.
Plath began to conceive of herself as a more serious, focused poet and short-story writer. Merwinwho admired their work and was to remain a lifelong friend. Plath says that it was here that she learned "to be true to my own weirdnesses", but she remained anxious about writing confessionally, from deeply personal and private material.
In FebruaryPlath's second pregnancy ended in miscarriage; several of her poems, including "Parliament Hill Fields", address this event. Nicholas was born in January Hughes was immediately struck with the beautiful Assia, as she was with him.
In JulyPlath discovered Hughes had been having an affair with Assia Wevill and in September the couple separated. Beginning in OctoberPlath experienced a great burst of creativity and wrote most of the poems on which her reputation now rests, writing at least 26 of the poems of her posthumous collection Ariel during the final months of her life. William Butler Yeats once lived in the house, which bears an English Heritage blue plaque for the Irish poet.
Plath was pleased by this fact and considered it a good omen. The northern winter of — was one of the coldest in years; the pipes froze, the children—now two years old and nine months—were often sick, Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy the house had no telephone.
Her only novel, The Bell Jarwas released in Januarypublished under the pen name Victoria Lucas, and was met with critical indifference.
Before her death, Plath tried several times to take her own life. When questioned about the incident by police, she admitted to trying to take her own life. John Horder, her GP  and a close friend who lived near her. She Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy the current depressive episode she was read article it had been ongoing for six or seven months.
Horder prescribed her an antidepressant, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor,  a few days before her suicide.
Knowing she was at risk alone with two young children, he says he visited her daily and Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy strenuous efforts to have her admitted to a hospital; when that failed, he arranged for a live-in nurse.
Commentators have argued that because antidepressants may take up to three weeks here take effect, her prescription from Horder would not have taken full effect. The nurse was due to arrive at 9: Upon Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy, she could not get into the flat, but eventually gained access with the help of a workman, Charles Langridge.
Some have suggested that Plath had not intended to kill herself. That morning, she asked her downstairs neighbor, a Mr. Thomas, what time he would be leaving. She also left a note reading "Call Dr. Horder," including the doctor's phone number. Therefore, it is argued Plath turned on the gas at a time when Mr. Thomas would have been able to see the note. Goodchild, a police officer attached to the coroner's office Horder also believed her intention was clear. He stated that "No one who saw the care with which the kitchen was prepared could have interpreted her action as anything but an irrational compulsion.
What did I know about chronic clinical depression? And that was not something I could do.
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An inquiry on the day following Plath's death gave a ruling of suicide. Hughes was devastated; they had been separated six months. In a letter to an old friend of Plath's from Smith College, he wrote, "That's the end of my life.
The rest is posthumous. The gravestone has been repeatedly vandalized by those aggrieved that "Hughes" is written on the stone; they have attempted to chisel it off, leaving only the name "Sylvia Plath. After each defacement, Hughes had the damaged stone removed, sometimes leaving the site unmarked during repair. Outraged mourners accused Hughes in the media of dishonoring her name by removing the stone.
Inwith Hughes under public attack, a battle raged in the letters pages of The Guardian and The Independent. But I learned my lesson early. In general, my refusal to have anything to do with the Plath Fantasia has been regarded as an attempt to suppress Free Speech [ Where that leaves respect for the truth of her life and of mineor for her memory, or for the literary tradition, I do not know. On March 16,Nicholas Hughesthe son of Plath and Hughes, hanged himself at his home in FairbanksAlaska, following a history of depression.
Plath wrote poetry from the age of eight, her first poem appearing in the Boston Traveller. Additionally, she won a summer guest editor position at the young women's magazine Mademoiselleand, on her graduation inshe won the Glascock Prize for Two Lovers and a Beachcomber by the Real Sea. Later at Cambridge, this web page wrote for the University publication, Varsity.
Inthe volumes Winter Trees and Crossing the Water were published in the UK, including nine previously unseen poems from the original manuscript of Ariel. Crossing the Water is full of perfectly realised works. Its most striking impression is of a front-rank artist in the process of discovering her true power. Such is Plath's control that the book possesses a singularity and certainty which should make it as celebrated as The Colossus or Ariel. The Collected Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddypublished inedited and introduced by Ted Hughes, contained poetry written from until her death.
Plath was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, posthumously. The poem, composed during Plath's early years Essays On Sylvia Plaths Daddy Smith College, is published in Blackbirdthe online journal. According to Hughes, Plath left behind "some one hundred thirty [typed] pages of another novel, provisionally titled Double Exposure.
That manuscript disappeared somewhere around It was never published and disappeared around